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Gas Insulated Substations (2014)

Gas Insulated Substations

By Hermann J. Koch

Comprehensive reference covering all aspects of gas insulated substations including basic principles, technology, use & application, design, specification, testing and ownership issues

Gas Insulated Substations provides an overview on the particular development steps of gas insulated high-voltage switchgear, and is based on the information given with the editor’s tutorial. The theory is kept low only as much as it is needed to understand gas insulated technology, with the main focus of the book being on delivering practical application knowledge. It discusses some introductory and advanced aspects in the meaning of applications.

The start of the book presents the theory of Gas Insulated Technology, and outlines reliability, design, safety, grounding and bonding, and factors for choosing GIS. The third chapter presents the technology, covering the following in detail: manufacturing, specification, instrument transformers, Gas Insulated Bus, and the assembly process. Next, the book goes into control and monitoring, which covers local control cabinet, bay controller, control schemes, and digital communication. Testing is explained in the middle of the book before installation and energization. Importantly, operation and maintenance is discussed. This chapter includes information on repair, extensions, retrofit or upgrade, and overloading. Finally applications are covered along with concepts of layout, typical layouts, mixed technology substations, and then other topics such as life cycle assessment, environmental impact, and project management.

  • A one-stop, complete reference text on gas insulated substations (GIS), large-capacity and long-distance electricity transmission, which are of increasing importance in the power industry today
  • Details advanced and basic material, accessible for both existing GIS users and those planning to adopt the technology
  • Discusses both the practical and theoretical aspects of GIS
  • Written by acknowledged GIS experts who have been involved in the development of the technology from the start

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9781118570722
  • Publisher: Wiley
  • Publication date: 8/11/2014
  • Series: Wiley – IEEE Series
  • Edition number: 1
  • Pages: 496

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Table of Contents

1 Introduction

1.1 General
Hermann Koch

1.2 Definitions
Hermann Koch

1.3 Standards and References
John Brunke

1.4 Ratings
Hermann Koch

2 Basic Information

2.1 History
Hermann Koch

2.2 Physics of Gas-insulated Switchgear
John Brunke

2.3 Reliability and Availability
Hermann Koch

2.4 Design
Phil Bolin

2.5 Safety
Hermann Koch

2.6 Grounding and Bonding
John Boggess

2.7 Factors for choosing GIS
John Boggess

2.8 Sulfur Hexafluoride (SF6)
Hermann Koch

3 Technology

3.1 General
Hermann Koch

3.2 Modular Components, Design and Development Process
Hermann Koch

3.3 Manufacturing
Hermann Koch

3.4 Specification Development
George Becker

3.5 Instrument Transformers
Hermann Koch

3.6 Interfaces

3.6.1 Direct Connection between Power Transformers and GIS
Xi Zhu

3.6.2 Cable Connections for Gas Insulated Switchgear for rated voltage above 52kV
Xi Zhu

3.6.3 Bushings
Sharma Devki

3.7 Gas Insulated Surge Arrestors D
Dave Lin

3.8 Gas Insulated Bus
Hermann Koch

4 Control and Monitoring

4.1 General
Hermann Koch

4.2 Monitoring
Nobby Fujimoto

4.3 Local Control Cabinet
Pravakar Samanta

4.4 Digital Communication
Hermann Koch

5 Type and Routine Testing

5.1 General
Peter Grossmann

5.2 Type Tests
Peter Grossmann

5.3 Routine Tests
Peter Grossmann

5.4 On-site Field Testing
Charles Hand

6 Installation

6.1 General
Hermann Koch

6.2 Installation
Richard Jones

6.3 Energization: Connecting to the Power Grid
James Massura

7 Operation & Maintenance

7.1 General
Hermann Koch

7.2 Operation of a Gas Insulated Substation
Charles Hand

7.3 Maintenance
Arnaud Ficheux

7.4 Repair
Arnaud Ficheux

7.5 Extensions
Arnaud Ficheux

7.6 GIS Retrofit or upgrade
Ravi Dhara

7.7 Overloading and thermal limits
Arnaud Ficheux

8 Applications

8.1 General
Hermann Koch

8.2 Typical GIS Layouts
Peter Grossmann

8.3 Reference Projects
Arun Arora

8.3.1 500 kV Indoor GIS and 115 kV AIS

8.3.2 115 kV GIS Switching Station Substation

8.3.3 345 kV and 4000 A Indoor Expendable Ring Bus GIS

8.3.4 69 kV and 3150 A Indoor Double Bus GIS

8.3.5 115 kV and 1200 A Container Ring Bus GIS

8.3.6 115 kV and 2000 A Outdoor Single Bus GIS

8.3.7 345 kV and 4000 A Indoor Breaker and Half GIS

8.3.8 115 kV and 3150 A Indoor Ring Bus GIS

8.3.9 69 kV and 2000 A Indoor Ring Bus GIS

8.3.10 138 kV and 230 kV Outdoor Ring Bus GIS

8.3.11 500 kV and 4000 A/8000 A Indoor Breaker and Third GIS

8.3.12 69 kV and 1600 A Outdoor Single Bus GIS

8.3.13 69 kV and 2000 A Underground GIS Hermann Koch

8.4 GIS Case Study Public Service Electric and Gas Company – New Jersey 230 kV, 80 kA Bergen Switching Station Peter Grossmann

8.5 Mobile GIS
Hermann Koch

8.6 Mixed Technology Switchgear (MTS)
Dave Solhtalab

8.7 Future Developments
Hermann Koch

9 Other Topics

9.1 General
Hermann Koch

9.2.1 Environmental Life Cycle Assessment
Venkatesh Minisandram

9.2.2 GIS Environmental Impact
Arnaud Ficheux

9.2.3 Environmental Impact
Hermann Koch

9.3 Life Cycle Cost Analysis
George Becker

9.4 Insulation Coordination Study
Hermann Koch

9.5 Very Fast Transients
Nobby Fujimoto

9.6 Project Scope Development
Jorge Marquez

9.7 Risk-Based Asset Management of Gas-Insulated Substations and Equipment
George Becker

9.8 Health and Safety Impact
Hermann Koch

9.9 Electro Magnetic Field
Hermann Koch

10 Conclusions
Hermann Koch

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