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Seismic Reflections of Rock Properties

Seismic Reflections of Rock Properties

By Jack Dvorkin, Mario A. Gutierrez, Dario Grana

Seismic Reflections of Rock Properties provides an accessible guide to using the rock physics-based forward modeling approach for mapping the subsurface, systematically linking rock properties to seismic amplitude. Providing practical workflows, the book shows how to methodically vary lithology, porosity, rock type, and pore fluids and reservoir geometry, calculate the corresponding elastic properties, and then generate synthetic seismic traces. These synthetic traces can then be compared to actual seismic traces from the field: a similar actual seismic response implies similar rock properties in the subsurface. Seismic Reflections of Rock Properties catalogs various cases, including clastic sediments, carbonates, time-lapse seismic monitoring, and discusses the effect of attenuation on seismic reflections. It shows how to build earth models (pseudo-wells) using deterministic and statistical approaches, and includes case studies based on real well data. A vital guide for researchers and petroleum geologists, in industry and academia, providing sample catalogs of synthetic seismic reflections from a variety of realistic reservoir models.

Reviews

“This invaluable companion to Mavko et al.’s popular Rock Physics Handbook describes the deterministic and stochastic forward modeling tools a geophysicist needs to find reservoir parameter combinations whose seismic responses fit the data. The authors illustrate key concepts with simple applets, and cover the latest developments in digital rock physics and gas hydrates.”
Sven Treitel, President, TriDekon, Inc.

“The authors superbly introduce readers to the field of rock physics and also educate practitioners on applying rock physics in seismic interpretation for hydrocarbon reservoirs. Systematically designed using templates and catalogues, this guide to exploration for and production mapping of hydrocarbons is honestly explained, including warnings for interpretation pitfalls. Supported by excellent figures, it is enjoyable to read and hard to resist turning to the next page.”
Ivar Brevik, Specialist in Geophysics, Statoil

Product Details

  • ISBN-13: 9780521899192
  • Publisher: Cambridge University Press
  • Publication date: 3/31/2014
  • Pages: 352

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Table of Contents

Preface; Acknowledgements; Part I. The Basics: 1. Forward modeling of seismic reflections for rock characterization; 2. Rock physics models and transforms; 3. Rock physics diagnostics; Part II. Synthetic Seismic Amplitude: 4. Modeling at an interface: quick-look approach; 5. Pseudo-wells: principles and examples; 6. Pseudo-wells: statistics-based generation; Part III. From Well Data and Geology to Earth Models and Reflections: 7. Clastic sequences: diagnostics and Vs prediction; 8. Log shapes at the well scale and seismic reflections in clastic sequences; 9. Synthetic modeling in carbonates; 10. Time lapse (4D) reservoir monitoring; Part IV. Frontier Exploration: 11. Rock physics workflow in oil and gas exploration; 12. DHI validation and prospect risking; Part V. Advanced Rock Physics: Diagenetic Trends, Self-Similarity, Permeability, Poisson’s Ratio in Gas Sand, Seismic Wave Attenuation, Gas Hydrates: 13. Rock physics case studies; 14. Poisson’s ratio and seismic reflections; 15. Seismic wave attenuation; 16. Gas hydrates; Part VI. Rock Physics Operations Directly Applied to Seismic Amplitude and Impedance: 17. Fluid substitution on seismic amplitude; 18. Rock physics and seismically derived impedance; Part VII. Evolving Methods: 19. Computational rock physics; Appendix A. Direct hydrocarbon indicator checklist; References; Index.

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